Obesity


Obesity is a disease which should be definitely treated, and it arises from accumulation of excess fat in the body. Obesity takes place in the case where the amount of energy taken in with food exceeds the amount of energy consumed by metabolism and physical activity.

Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight for adult men and women. Your BMI is calculated by dividing body weight (kg) to height (m²). This value is independent of age and gender. If BMI is around 30 or more, the value is categorized as obese

Obesity is a condition which affects systems including cardiovascular system, respiratory system, endocrine system, digestive system, etc. and sets the scene for several major illnesses. Heart diseases , high blood pressure, diabetes , high cholesterol , respiratory disorders , joint disorders , menstrual irregularities, infertility, impotence , gallbladder diseases , calculus formation, certain types of cancer are several  disorders directly related to obesity.

There are multiple ways to treat obesity. Diet and exercise treatment is generally the first choice. However, bariatric surgeries are the most effective and most permanent choice.

Duration of hospitalization for weight loss surgeries depends on the type of surgery. There are outpatient and inpatient types.

Obesity is often the result of overeating, but the reason may also be medical.

Some of the medical reasons of obesity are as follows:

Hypothyroidism: In this condition, thyroid gland produces insufficient thyroid hormones. For this reason, the metabolism is slower and causes weight gain. To diagnose thyroid dysfunction, the blood tests are required.

Cushing’s syndrome: In this condition, cortisol hormone level in the body excess. Cortisol is a steroid hormone which is produced by adrenal glands. In this situation, face, upper back and abdomen gets fat.

Unhealthy Diets: Wrong diets may cause the increase of body weight.

Prenatal Influences: Pregnant mothers who are overweight or smoke may have obese children.

Genetic Factors: Overweight or obese parent’s children have greater chance to be obese.

Depression: Depression may cause overeating, which may lead to obesity.

Medications: Some side effects of medications may cause gain weight.

Bariatric surgery may be suggested by the doctors under these circumstances:

  • If a person’s BMI value is greater than around 30,
  • If a person is unable to achieve a healthy body weight even after diet and exercises,
  • If a person has negative health effects such as diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, back pain etc.

It is critical that an assessment of any potential obstacles to achieve a healthy body weight should be done before initiating a bariatric surgery. Not every test or procedure is required for each person. Your doctor will determine which tests and procedures should be done before initiating an operation.

  • Hormonal Tests and Blood Tests:  These tests show the value of important hormones and blood values to determine if there is any abnormality before the bariatric surgery.
  • Radiologic Screening Tests: These tests show whether there is any problem with stomach and the other organs.
  • Endoscopy: This is a procedure where the inside of your body is examined using an endoscope.