Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery


Asthma

Asthma is a respiratory tract disease which causes difficulty in breathing as a result of contraction and narrowing of bronchi comprising respiratory tract, swelling of bronchus membrane or obstruction of airways by sticky fluids such as phlegm, and hyperresponsiveness.

Its exact cause is unknown but it is known that hereditary factors are of importance. Asthma is not a contagious disease. A person can contract asthma at any age.

Asthma Symptoms

Patients occasionally show symptoms including wheezing, shortness of breath and cough. The sudden emergence of symptoms in asthma is called asthma attack. In this case, patients have severe shortness of breath.

Cold air, cigarette smoke and polluted air, infectious diseases, extreme fatigue, allergic substances such as tree and flower pollen, animal fur increase asthma symptoms and trigger asthma attacks.

Treatment

It is possible to prevent asthma attacks by taking measures at patient's home and environment. Furry animals, smoke and fragrances such cigarette smoke, sprays, perfumes should be kept away from home. Items attracting dust and mold, such as carpets and rugs should be removed. The house and room should be ventilated frequently.

There are relaxants to stop asthma attacks in treatment. Vaccine therapy is used where prevention methods and medications aren't adequate.