Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by TB germs called Koch's bacillus. Although TB germs mainly settle in lungs, they may spread to the whole body via blood.

TB is contracted through air from sick people with active TB carrying TB germs.

Symptoms of Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis develops in three phases.

The first phase, the patient has fatigue, loss of appetite, back pain, cough, and fever.

No symptoms may appear in the second phase. But the disease spreads to the whole body and settles in skin, joints, bones, kidneys, intestines, stomach and brain membrane.

In the third phase, TB continues to spread through the blood or lymph channels. The patient has fatigue, productive cough, mild fever rising in the evening, loss of appetite and night sweating.

Tuberculosis Treatment

The first requirement of treatment is good nutrition and fresh air. Moreover, maintaining general health and morale is crucial to increase body resistance and facilitate haling. After diagnosis of the patient, s/he must receive drug treatment, including various antibiotics in particular, for at least 6 months.