Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer develops as a result of excessive and uncontrolled proliferation of cells of the lungs or respiratory tract. One of the most important factors of lung cancer is smoking cigarettes and their derivatives. In addition, exposure to asbestos and radon gas and genetic predisposition also play an important role in the formation of lung cancer.

Lung cancer does not produce symptoms in the initial stages. However, as the cancer progresses, symptoms, including coughing, coughing up blood, back pain, weakness, fatigue, hoarseness, shortness of breath, are seen.

Success of treatment is related to the stage of the disease. Surgical method is applied in the initial stages of the disease and it is the most effective method with exact chance of survival from the disease. Cryosurgery, i.e. a method which involves destruction of cancer cells by freezing can also be applied in the case of early detected lung cancer. Surgical treatment can be supported by chemotherapy. In advanced stages of the disease, chemotherapy and in some cases, radiation therapy, are applied. Where the patient has shortness of breath and is not eligible for surgery, the tumor can be removed using a bronchoscope.