Gastroenterology


Gallbladder Diseases

Gallbladder's job is to store bile produced by liver. Bile, which is accummulated in the gallbladder usually in the fasting state, becomes more concentrated and is stored in there. During digestion, the gallbladder contracts and releases its contents into the duodenum and hence fats are absorbed.

Gallbladder Polyp

Gallbladder polyps are benign tumors of the gallbladder. There are different types of gallbladder polyps.

In the case of gallbladder polyps, if diameter of a polyp is 20 mm or above, cancer risk is increased.

The general trend in the case of gallbladder polyps is to remove the gallbladder by laparoscopic method in the case of polyps larger than 10 mm in diameter and if the polyps are several.

Today, gallbladder surgeries are performed by laparoscopic method. Technically, the gallbladder is removed by first inserting certain tiny long tools called trocar or port into 3 or 4 tiny holes (between 5-10 mm), then clipping gallbladder organ and separating it from liver in a standard procedure.

In the case of gallbladder polyp surgery, there is no such technique as removing polyp; the whole gallbladder should be removed.

Gallstone

It is caused by disturbance of ratios of gallbladder contents.

Types and diameters of gallstones vary. The formation of gallstones usually begins ate the age of 30-10 and increases with age. Its incidence increases with age and obesity.

70-80% of people with gallstones don't have any complaints. However, the following symptoms may rarely occur:

  • Pain in the upper-right side of the abdomen which may also be felt at the back
  • Sense of bloating
  • Nausea,
  • Vomiting

Gallstones may cause cancer by 1%.

For this reason, surgery is recommended to people having a gallstone with a diameter above 2 cm regardless of whether it causes symptoms or not.

During gallstone surgery, the whole gallbladder organ should be removed.