Gastroenterology


Ulcerative Colitis

It is an inflammatory disease of the large intestine. It causes formation of ulcers and bleeding in the large intestine.

Today, the exact cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown. However, it develops with exaggerated responsiveness of the body's immune system to certain microorganisms found in the intestines of people with a genetic predisposition or to certain substances received through nutrients.

Symptoms

Main symptoms include diarrhea mixed with blood and mucus. The number of bowel movements can be 1-2 per day as well as 15-20 in relation to the degree of the disease. Other symptoms include weakness due to blood loss, fatigue and palpitations.

Ulcerative colitis can be controlled with medication. However, it is usually not possible to heal the disease with a treatment that lasts for a certain period of time. The disease continues for life. It usually goes on along with exacerbations and relief periods. Therefore, it is recommended that the treatment lasts for life.

In the case of ulcerative colitis, where the disease cannot be fully controlled despite intensive therapy, medication side effects cannot be controlled, perforation or risk of cancer arises, surgery is employed. But in the case of such an operation, not only the affected area of the large intestine but the whole organ should be removed.