Ophthalmology (Eye Health & Eye Diseases)


Glaucoma

It is a disease that causes damage to the optic nerve as a result of increased intraocular pressure, leading to loss of visual field. Accordingly, the person's visual field gradually narrows down. If it isn't noticed and left untreated, it may result in permanent blindness.

Eye pressure usually does not produce symptoms in the early stages. In a rare type of eye pressure , nausea, vomiting , pain , blurred vision may occur. Progression of glaucoma can be stopped by early diagnosis.

An important point about glaucoma is that treatment can only stop the damage. The resulting optic nerve damage is permanent. Detailed eye examination is essential for diagnosis .

Factors that increase the risk of glaucoma are:

  • Family history of glaucoma
  • Advancing age
  • Sugar and goiter disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Anemia
  • Migraine
  • Myopia
  • Long-term cortisone treatment
  • Eye injuries
  • Smoking

Glaucoma Treatment

When starting treatment, a variety of factors such as the state of the ocular tension , the extent of damage is assessed. Treatment is started with an appropriate option among those including medication treatment, laser or surgical intervention.

Treatment of glaucoma can be made in three ways.

  • Drug therapy

Several eye drops are available to use in drug treatment of glaucoma. These drops lower intraocular pressure by reducing fluid production or fluid outflow in the eye. They are used regularly at certain intervals and for a life time. If vision loss is increasing and eye pressure is not lowered despite drug therapy, other treatment methods are applied.

  • Laser Treatment

In the case of glaucoma, laser procedure can be applied for many purposes. In case of an acute glaucoma attack, timely laser treatment is very useful.

  • Surgical Treatment

A hole is made in white section of the eye by surgery. This hole is too small to be visible from the outside and excess fluid inside the eye is drained through this hole. Glaucoma often disappear after the operation.