Pediatric Urology

Undescended Testes

It is the absence of one or both testes from the scrotum. It can improve within the first 10-12 months after birth. Otherwise, it should be definitely treated without delay. Treatment is usually to bring the testis into the scrotum and fix it there.

If undescended testis is left untreated, it may cause important problems such as infertility, testicular cancer. Furthermore, undescended testes are usually accompanied by hernia. During surgery, hernia is also repaired.

Hydrocele (Water Hernia)

It is caused by the fact that abdominal membrane connection between abdominal cavity and testicle is left open after birth. It manifests itself by occasional or permanent accumulation of fluid around one or both testicle(s).

After the diagnosis, disappearance of swelling and self- healing are usually expected until the end of the first year after birth. If it doesn't heal, the problem is resolved by a small operation.

Foreskin Problems

Foreskin may appear as if it tightly sticks to the penis head immediately below. This situation is normal and there is no need to remedy it. However, sometimes the hole at the end of the skin is excessively narrow and this may prevent urinating comfortably. Sometimes, germs under the narrow foreskin multiply and cause inflammation and discharge.
All these cases should be evaluated by an urologist and immediately treated, then the child should be circumcised, if necessary.


It is a defect in which urethra opens to any point below the tip of the penis, instead of opening at the tip of the penis. It is seen in one every 300 male children. It has mild and severe degrees. In severe cases, serious problems may occur such as that the patient cannot urinate forward and in a smooth way, an erect penis remains bent, semen cannot be ejaculated to the desired location.

The only treatment of hypospadias is a meticulous surgery performed by experienced hands. During surgery, incomplete urinary tract is completed by using body tissues. The best time for surgery is between the ages of 1-2 years.

Voiding Disorders

Voiding Disorders are common in childhood but often neglected, and noticed in case of serious problems. These disorders appearing with various symptoms from incontinence during day or night to voiding in a difficult and troubled manner and from holding urine for a long time to frequent visits to the toilette require meticulous and thorough urological research .

If voiding disorders are disregarded and ignored, they may cause dangerous consequences, such as serious kidney inflammation, organ loss, and even kidney failure.