Cardiovascular Surgery


Pacemakers

Pacemakers are used for persistent rhythm disorders. Millions of people use pacemakers worldwide.

The patient's heart rate slows down because of the fact that impulse center in his heart can not create impulses at satisfactory rate or the impulse is interrupted for various reasons, and a normal heart rate should be re-established so that the patient maintains a normal life. An artificial pacemaker is needed to bring heart rate to a normal level.

The procedure is conducted by a local anesthesia. An incision is made on subcutaneous region which is 1-2 cm below either right or left collar bone to create a small pocket wide enough to house the pacemaker. Leads, which are passed through large vessels to the heart and will ensure transmission between the heart and generator, are placed in one of or both ventricles. Then these electrodes are connected to the generator to be inserted subcutaneously. Generator is introduced into the subcutaneous pocket in the chest or abdomen.

The procedure takes about 30-45 minutes and hospitalization period is approximately 2-5 days.

Permanent pacemakers are highly developed technology products, and they constantly check the operation of the heart and intervene when necessary. They eliminate the patient's complaints, including fainting, dizziness, and shortness of breath because of slow down of the heart rate, and provide significant contribution to the quality of life.

The average life of the battery is 7 years and it must be checked every 6 months.