Gynecology and Obstetrics


Myoma

A myoma is a benign tumor that originates from the smooth muscle tissue ensuring contraction of the uterus. General features of myomas are given below:

  • It is possible to encounter myomas in approximately 15 women out of 100.
  • Myomas are often detected in women aged 30-40.
  • Genetic predisposition is of great importance in the development of myomas.
  • Myomas can be as small as only 1 centimeter in diameter, while it is also possible to encounter myomas with a diameter above 30 centimeters.
  • Myomas often don't show any symptoms and they are detected incidentally during a gynecological evaluation. In the case of myomas causing symptoms, complaints are related to regions adjacent to a myoma. Possible complaints are:
    • Periods that last longer
    • Frequent urination
    • Constipation
    • Inability to conceive
  • It is extremely rare that myomas become cancerous.
  • Myomas are masses growing because of the effect of estrogen hormone. Using mediations stopping release of estrogen hormone in the body cause shrinking of a myoma.
  • Formation of fibroids is dependent on estrogen hormone. Therefore, during menopause when secretion of estrogen is decreased, most myomas may shrink and even disappear.