ENT (Ear, Nose & Throat)


It is defined as perception of abnormal sounds by the patient without any audible stimulus from outside.

Causes of Tinnitus

Tinnitus can have many causes. The major causes of tinnitus include:

  • Earwax
  • Fluid build-up in middle ear
  • Eardrum perforation
  • Infection of the eardrum
  • Stiffening of the joints of the bones in the middle ear
  • Widening blood vessels in the head and neck
  • Tumor arising from balance and hearing nerve
  • High or low blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid problems
  • Blows to the head and neck region
  • Certain medicines used
  • Aging of neurons.


If the cause of tinnitus is detected, a treatment can be applied to eliminate such cause. However, the cause cannot be determined in general so a symptomatic treatment is applied.