ENT (Ear, Nose & Throat)


Tinnitus

It is defined as perception of abnormal sounds by the patient without any audible stimulus from outside.

Causes of Tinnitus

Tinnitus can have many causes. The major causes of tinnitus include:

  • Earwax
  • Fluid build-up in middle ear
  • Eardrum perforation
  • Infection of the eardrum
  • Stiffening of the joints of the bones in the middle ear
  • Widening blood vessels in the head and neck
  • Tumor arising from balance and hearing nerve
  • High or low blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid problems
  • Blows to the head and neck region
  • Certain medicines used
  • Aging of neurons.

Treatment

If the cause of tinnitus is detected, a treatment can be applied to eliminate such cause. However, the cause cannot be determined in general so a symptomatic treatment is applied.