ENT (Ear, Nose & Throat)


Snoring

Snoring can be explained as an annoying noise caused by collective or individual crashing and vibration of structures comprising upper respiratory tract, including the nose, palate, and uvula, during sleep.

Causes

  • Growth of concha
  • Palate disorders
  • Narrowness, swelling of the walls of the throat, and that they have discharge.
  • Tongue disorders
  • Narrowness and shortness of the jaw
  • Failure of the nervous system managing the respiratory system

Treatment

Simple snoring can heal by simple measures without the need for operation. Such measures will be to lose weight, eat dinners early, etc.

Main treatment in snoring is to identify the cause of snoring and perform treatment aimed at the cause.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is an important disease that arises from breathing pauses during sleep and causes deterioration of regular sleep routine. Sometimes snoring may accompany sleep apnea. In this serious condition, airway is fully closed and respiration completely stops. In sleep apnea, severe snoring is followed by a silence of 10 seconds or more. Gradually decreasing oxygen and increasing carbon dioxide in the blood send warning signals to the body, resulting in a strong breath as well as a loud snoring.

If sleep apnea is left untreated, problems may arise, such as high blood pressure, loud snoring, fatigue, excessive irritability, depression, forgetfulness, lack of concentration, morning headaches, uncontrollable obesity, sleep sweating, frequent urination, and heartburn.

Final diagnosis can be made by monitoring the person's night sleep in sleep laboratories.

The most common surgery for sleep apnea is known as “UPPP” in medicine. In this operation, tonsils are removed and " uvula " hanging down at the back of hard palate is shrunk and the tissues become strained.