Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation


Lumbar Disc and Cervical Disc Hernias

There are discs made of connective tissue between bones making up the spine, i.e. vertebral bones, which facilitate movement and ensuring the spine to be resistant. Herniated discs compress adjacent tissues, including the spine and nerve roots. Such compression causes pain and limitation of movement. Muscle weakness , urinary and fecal disorders may also accompany the pain.

Causes

Working while sitting for a long time, positions that will keep the spine in an awkward position ( using the computer , watching TV, working in industrial production , etc. ) , and lifting weight are the most common causes of the disease. In addition, disk wear and tear caused by aging, genetic disorders in cartilage structure and traumas are among other reasons of herniation.

Treatment

A majority of lumbar disc and cervical disc herniations can be treated without surgery. However, in very few patients, especially those with stroke symptoms, treatment involves surgical operations.

The following devices and methods are used during physical therapy:

  • Electric currents
  • Laser
  • Local injections
  • Exercise physiotherapy

In addition to conventional treatment methods mentioned above, in recent years, new treatment methods that have given more successful results in the treatment of hernia patients have also been developed. These new methods of treatment can be listed as follows :

  • Vertical Traction

Vertical traction devices are easily applied to the patient and they treat the disease by applying traction on herniated disc through natural means.

  • Computer-Aided Decompression Devices

This device is a product of superior technology and eliminates compression by creating a direct impact on herniated disc, treating the disease.

  • Ozone Therapy

Ozone can be applied into the soft tissues of the herniated spine area as well as injected into a herniated disc or spinal canal. As a result, nowadays, lumbar disc and cervical disc herniations have entered into the group of diseases that can be treated without surgery.