Obesity or excessive weight gain is a disease resulting from excess accumulation of fat in the body, necessitating to be treated. Obesity occurs when the amount of energy taken in through nutrition surpasses the amount of energy consumed by the metabolism and through physical activities.

Obesity is a disease affecting the cardiac and vascular system, respiratory system, hormonal system and the digestive system and providing a baseline to a number of directly related, important diseases, some of which are cardiac disorders, hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, respiratory disorders, joint disorders, irregular menstruation, infertility, impotence, gallbladder disease, stone formation, certain cancer types.

As a result, obesity can be defined as a disease shortening human life and affecting life quality considerably.

How to Measure Obesity?

The most popular measurement of obesity is the Body Mass Index and the waist circumference measurement.

  • BMI is found by dividing the body weight (kg) to the squared height (m2). This value is independent from age and sex; however, it may not deliver correct results on children, pregnant women and very muscular individuals.

          The BMI values are divided into groups as normal, overweight and obese.


Below 18.5 kg / m²


Between 18.5-24.9 kg / m²


Between 25-29.9 kg / m²


Between 30-39.9 kg / m²


Above 40 kg / m²

Morbid Obese


  • Waist circumference measurement and meaning

           Although the amount of fat in the body is important, where the fat accumulate matters more. A fat accumulation around the abdomen causes more health risks as a fat accumulation on the hips and other parts of the body.             To assess this risk, a simple but correct method is the waist circumference measurement.


Increased risk

High risk


> 94 cm

> 102 cm


> 80 cm

> 88 cm

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