The cornea is the transparent, curved front part of the eye that serves to focus the light and protect the eye from outside factors, plays a major role in visual function of the eye, and it is the most important refracting lens of the eye. Transparency of the cornea can be impaired by many diseases. These diseases can be congenital, genetic or microbial.
This surgery involves replacement of a corneal tissue deteriorated as a result of various disorders by a healthy corneal tissue. It is performed under general anesthesia .
This procedure can also be performed by laser technology in which an incision in desired diameter and depth is made.