Arrhythmia means a deterioration in rhythmic operation of the heart. In arrhythmia, heart beat becomes so fast that the person can easily feel. Moreover, heart rhtym can be irregular but slow. Skipping is felt during heart beat.
Among the causes of arrhythmia are genetic factors, smoking, stress, and caffeine intake. Arrhythmias may be due to congenital heart disorders or any disease that has occurred later in life. Among the most common diseases that cause arrhythmia are hypertension, coronary artery disease and senile cardiac conduction system defects. These defects can be life-threatening as well as appear as a condition that doesn't require any treatment.
Although the most common complaint in patients is palpitations, fainting, dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue, and sudden death can also be seen.
Most patients are treated with medications. Apart from these, cardiac defibrillators are used. Defibrillator is a tool that ensures return of abnormal heart beat back to a normal heart rhythm. The device is implanted inside a muscle in the chest area and heart rhythm is kept under control in this manner. It gives an electrical shock if necessary and corrects the arrhythmia. Another feature of this device is that it can distinguish a serious arrhythmia from a life-threatening one. Its treatment methods include medication, surgery, pacemaker, and ICD.
Moreover, a method we call radio waves is used to treat tachycardia for which medication treatment has been ineffective. In this method, the point which causes palpitations is burnt by a special tube. Thus, palpitations and high pulse are eliminated. After this procedure, aspirin is used for some time and clot formation is inhibited. Patients would be spared from a lifetime drug use.